The Levels of Modern Standard Arabic in Egypt and its Role in Arabic Language Teaching for Indonesian

Authors

  • Nur Hidayatun Na'imah Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Mirwan Ahmad Taufiq Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Kholifiatul Masito Al-Azhar University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15642/jalsat.v2i1.127

Keywords:

The levels of Arabic language, Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic language teaching, Second Language

Abstract

This study aims to reveal the importance of knowing the five levels of Modern Standard Arabic in Egypt. This study used a qualitative method with literature study through book references, dictionaries, and journals. The main object of this study is the Arabic language itself and its role in Arabic language teaching for Indonesian. The data were collected through interviews and documentation from some students in State Islamic University Sunan Ampel in Surabaya and Al-Azhar University in Cairo to get data from the reality. Then, the result of this study revealed that the level of Modern Standard Arabic in Egypt is important to know for Indonesian Arabic language learners in order to understand many forms of language in various situations and conditions as well as the existing kinds of literature such as in scientific forums up to daily conversations because it can represent the varieties of Arabic existing in other countries and to add the knowledge of Arabic literature by learning about colloquial language and linguistic phenomenon about it in Arabic teaching. 

 

هدف هذا البحث إلى معرفة خمس مستويات اللغة العربية المعاصرة. تناول هذا البحث المنهج الكيفي بجمع البيانات حول الكتب والمعاجم والبحوث. وتركيز محور الدراسة هو اللغة العربية نفسها ودورها في تعليم اللغة العربية مع الظواهر اللغوية، والمحور الثاني هو الظواهر اللغوية التي تسبب هذه المستويات، طريقة جمع البيانات هي المقابلة مع بعض الطلاب الإندونيسيين بجامعة سونن أمبيل الإسلامية الحكومية سورابايا وجامعة الأزهر الإسلامية بالقاهرة. فنتائج الدراسة هي أن معرفة تقسيم اللغة العربية إلى خمسة مستويات مهمة لتساعد الإندونيسيين في فهم عدة صيغ من اللغة العربية إما الفصحى والعامية وتزويد المعلومات عن الثقافة العربية بتعيين العامية في تعليم اللغة العربية مع الاهتمام إلى الظواهر اللغوية تتعلق بهذه اللغة.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aflisia, N., & Harahap, P. (2019). Eksistensi Bi’ah Lughawiyah Sebagai Media Berbahasa Arab Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Muhadatsah Mahasiwa Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Arab IAIN Curup. Lisanul Arab, 8(1), 42–57.

al-Azdiy, M. bin A. A. R. (1403). al-Jami’ (H. al-A’dhamiy (ed.)). al-Maktab al-Islamiy.

Al-Balkha, A. al-H. M. bin S. bin B. al-A. (1423). Tafsir Maqatil bin Sulaiman (M. Abdullah (ed.)). Dar Ihya al-Turats.

Al-Bashari, A. A. R. al-K. bin A. bin A. bin T. al-F. (1995). al-Jumal fi al-Nahwi (5th ed.).

Al-Makkiyah, B., & Al-Banjary, R. F. (2009). Percakapan Bahasa Amiyah Mesir sehari-hari (S. Kasran (ed.); 1st ed.). Unit Penerbitan Karya Keluarga Mahasiswa Kalimantan Mesir (KMKM).

Anis, I. (1996). Fii Al- Lahjaat Al- Arabiyah (8th ed.). Al- Anglu Al- Mishriyyah.

AR, A., Takdir, T., Munawwir, A., & Latifah, N. (2021). Memahami perbedaan antara bahasa arab fushah dan ‘ammiyah. Naskhi: Jurnal Kajian Pendiidkan Dan Bahasa Arab, 3(1), 22–29.

Astuti, W. (n.d.). Diglosia Masyarakat Tutur Pada Penggunaan Bahasa Arab (Kajian Kebahasaan Terhadap Bahasa Fusha dan Bahasa ’Amiyah Dilihat dari Perspektif Sosiolinguistik). Al- Manar; Jurnal Komunikasi Dan Pendidikan Islam, 6(2), 143–161.

Aziz, A. (2019). Landasan Pikir Perdebatan Eksistensi Bahasa Arab Fusha dan Ammiyah. Al-Amin; Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Dan Budaya Islam, 2(2), 118–129.

Aziz, A., & Dinata, Y. M. (2019). Bahasa Arab Modern Dan Kontemporer; Kontinuitas Dan Perubahan. Mumtaz, 3(1), 152–168.

Badawi, S. M. (1973). Mustawayaat Al- Arabiyah Al- Muashiroh Fii Mishr. Al- Ma’arif.

Dawud, M. M. (2001). Al-Arabiyah wa Ilm Al- Lughah Al- Hadits (1st ed.). Dar Gharib.

Dimyati, M. A. (2017). Madkhal Ila Ilm Al- Lughah Al- Ijtimaiy (F. A. Al- Kafi (ed.); 1st ed.). Lisan Arabi.

Fadhilah, F. N., Khadijah, A., Suriyani, S., Astari, R., & Faturrahman, M. I. (2020). Perubahan Bunyi Bahasa Arab Fusha ke dalam Dialek Mesir Pada lagu Tamally Ma’ak. Al- Jamiy: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra Arab, 9(1), 47–68.

Firdaus, S. (2017). Arabic Dialects: defined and described by all tribes in the Arabs ‬. Ijatl: International Journal of Arabic Teaching and Learning, 01(01), 20–35.

Fithriyyahni, A., & Sholikah, M. (2018). Bahasa Arab Fusha Dan Ammiyah Serta Cakupan Penggunaannya. Seminar Nasional Bahasa Arab Mahasiswa II, 155–164.

Fitriyani, F., & Rasyid, Y. (2018). Bilingualism of Language Learning in Islamic School (Ethnographic Research in Daarul Rahman Islamic School I, South Jakarta). Ijlecr - International Journal of Language Education and Culture Review, 4(1), 68–72. https://doi.org/10.21009/ijlecr.041.07

Gerhard, H. (1970). Tathawwur Ilm Al- Lughoh (1st ed.). Zahra’ Al- Syarq.

Hasani, A. H., Anam, C., Fauzi, A., & Astari, R. (2021). Perbandingan Bahasa Antara Modern Standard Arabic Dengan Aksen Lebanon. Alfaz: Arabic Literature for Academic Zealots, 9(1), 33–42.

Hasnah, Y. (2004). Bahasa Arab Standar Antara Ammiyah Dan Fusha. Al- Fathin, 2(1), 80–94.

Maknun, M. L. (2016). ARABIC AMIYAH FOR PILGRIMS (Study 8 KBIH in District / City of Pekalongan 2015). Al-Qalam, 22(1), 167. https://doi.org/10.31969/alq.v22i1.254

Mamnunah, M. (2018). Tahlil al-Taqabuli Baina al-Lughah al-Arabiyah al-Fusha wa al-Lughah al-Arabiyah al-Amiyah al-Mishriyyah min al-Nahiyah al-Shoutiyyah fii Ghina Amr Diyab. OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 12(2), 225. https://doi.org/10.19105/ojbs.v12i2.2014

Nugrahani, F. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif dalam Penelitian Pendidikan Bahasa.

Pancarani, A. P., Mardiah, Z., & Miranda, A. A. (2017). Bahasa Amiyah Mesir (Sejarah, Kaidah, dan Perbedaanya dengan Bahasa Arab Klasik). Jurnal Al-Azhar Indonesia Seri Humaniora, 3(3), 203. https://doi.org/10.36722/sh.v3i3.208

Spiro, S. (1999). An Arabic- English Dictionary of The Colloquial Arabic of Egypt. Librarie du Liban Publishers.

Taufiq, Mirwan Ahmad. (2016). Asbab al-Tahaddus bi al-Arabiyah al-Suqiyah. Alfazuna, 1(1), 1–20.

Taufiq, Mirwan Akhmad. (2016). أسباب التحدث بالعربية السوقية (دراسة مسحية لغوية على تلاميذ مدرسة الأساس). Alfazuna, 1(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15642/alfazuna.v1i1.3

Taufiq, Mirwan Akhmad. (2020). TA’TSIR AL-BI’AH AL-LUGHAWIYAH ’ALA TA’LIM AL-LUGHAH AL-’ARABIYAH WA TA’ALLUMIHA LI AL-NATHIQIN BI GHAIRIHA. Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies, 5(2), 231. https://doi.org/10.24865/ajas.v5i2.185

Ya’qub, E. B. (1982). Fiqh Al- Lughat Al- Arabiyah wa Khasaisuha. Dar al- Tsaqafah al- Islamiyah.

Downloads

Published

2022-05-30

How to Cite

Nur Hidayatun Na’imah, Mirwan Ahmad Taufiq, & Kholifiatul Masito. (2022). The Levels of Modern Standard Arabic in Egypt and its Role in Arabic Language Teaching for Indonesian. Journal of Arabic Language Studies and Teaching (JALSAT), 2(1), 16–32. https://doi.org/10.15642/jalsat.v2i1.127